Status/Date Listed as Endangered: NT-IUCN: 2008. This indicates that the same common name is being used for more than one scientific name. The smooth brain coral grows in a large dome-shaped structure about 4 feet in diameter. Florent's Guide To The Caribbean Reefs - Boulder Brain Coral - Colpophyllia natans - Stony Corals - - Stony Corals - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida - There are probably 6 nominal species, one or possibly two of which are valid species. Yes it is accurate that Wellsophyllia's are no longer distinguished from the genus Trachyphyllia. Scientific Name : Favites spp. There may be a difference in colour between the valleys and the grooves. There is no scientific name for the coral reef; they are composed of many organisms so you can't assign on name. , Diploria labyrinthiformis hosts Zooxanthella, a symbiotic dinoflagellate alga. Fish Scientific Name: Trachyphyllia Geoffroyi. Coral reefs can absorb up to 97 percent of the wave energy during storm events, and brain corals play an important role in that function. The following cross reference was originally provided by Steve Rader: Bubble coral Plerogyra sinuosa Closed Brain coral Favia sp, sometimes Diploria sp. Originally from the Pacific Ocean, purchased from an old collection (object dating back to the 1940s). The ecological importance of brain corals is enormous. However, people still commonly refer to Trachyphyllia radiata as Wellsophyllia (as you noted), and refer to Trachyphyllia geoffroyi as simply Trachyphyllia. Common Brain Coral … The scientific name for grooved brain coral is Diploria labyrinthiformis. The grooves of brain coral resemble a labyrinth, giving rise to its scientific name ‘labryinthiformis.’ Although they look like rocks, brain corals are animals. Even the familiar scientific literature (Veron, 2000) can’t be relied on, as molecular studies have thrown these old, morphology-based classifications out the window. The grooves may also resemble a maze or labyrinth, giving rise to the scientific name ‘labryinthiformis.’ This species forms large, circular structures that can reach more than 6 feet (nearly 2 m) in diameter. Some common names these corals are known for are: Brain Coral, Closed Brain Coral, Ridge Coral, Worm Coral, and Maze Brain Coral. It is a large, reef-building coral that lives throughout the Caribbean Sea and adjacent waters. Posted by AquafishViet at 5:30 PM Email This BlogThis! Scientific Name More Detail Added by; Wellso Folded Brain Coral: Trachyphylliidae: LPS Large Polyp Stony Corals: Trachyphyllia radiata: The Trachyphyllia Brain Coral is easily collected from the reef because when mature, they are not attached to the substrate. Found in the Caribbean, Atlantic, and Pacific Oceans, brain corals display what is known as Meandroid tissue integration. Main Prey Plankton, Fish, Shrimp Distinctive Feature Variety of colours and full of holes for species to hind in Habitat Tropical Oceans Predators Starfish, Marine slugs and snails Diet Omnivore Average Litter Size 1,000s. Scientific classification. It has a familiar, maze-like appearance. Colonies can grow as large as 6 or more feet (1.8 m) high. Scientific Name: Trachyphyllia Radiata. Common Names : Moon Coral, Closed Brain Coral Care Level : Fairly easy, provided that you give them proper lighting, water parameters and keep them away from other corals and anemones. The most common "scientific" name of the brain is the cerebrum. Brain coral tentacles help it to feed during the dark hours. 11 answers. Kingdom. The all get their name from the brain-like ridges that cross their surface. Endemic species (E) are those that are only found in Trinidad and Tobago. Anthrozoa. Origin or natural range: The grooved brain coral appears tan, yellow-brown, or brownish gray. Some common names these corals are known for are: Brain Coral, Closed Brain Coral, Ridge Coral, Worm Coral, and Maze Brain Coral. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest 1 decade ago. Join. The coral have corallite walls … What would happen if all of the oceans evaporated? , The coral also has a relationship with Diadema antillarum, the long-spined urchin, whose grazing helps to reduce the effects of shading, as well as the overgrowth of macroalgae. The grooved brain coral appears tan, yellow-brown, or brownish gray. Provided all their requirements are met, they can grow to about 6 inches. Accepted name: Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758. In some cases, however, this can lead to vulnerability, because if even one polyp gets sick, the pathogen can quickly spread to the rest of the colony. Diploria. The following cross reference was originally provided by Steve Rader: Bubble coral Plerogyra sinuosa Closed Brain coral Favia sp, sometimes Diploria sp. It gets the name as brain coral due to its resemblance with human brain. Other common names: Scolymia Brain Coral is also commonly called as Green Scolymia Coral, Button Scolymia Coral, Button Coral, Donut Coral, Artichoke Coral, Saucer Coral and Meat Coral. Ex: A Wellsophyllia Brain Coral's scientific name is Trachyphyllia radiata. The cerebral-looking organisms known as brain corals do not have brains, but they can grow six feet tall and live for up to 900 years! Buyer is responsible for the import and any damage or loss from shipping Genus.  It is represented by a single species, Diploria labyrinthiformis, commonly known as grooved brain coral and is found in the western Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. 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